All You Want To Know About Sleep Apnea

Snoring is a widespread problem with most of the adults' world over. Usually, it is not considered as a medical problem and taken very casually, but an extreme case of snoring, a sleep disorder which can prove to be fatal if not treated timely is Sleep Apnea. In this common medical condition, your breathing is interrupted for few seconds while you are asleep. This discontinuity means the brain and the body do not get enough oxygen during these few moments which can prove to be fatal in certain cases. There is basically two type of sleep apnea. Obstructive wherein blockage is caused in the airway due to the collapse of throat tissues at the back and central sleep apnea wherein the brain fails to intimate the muscles to breathe, caused due to respiratory control failure. Thankfully there are many devices available in the market to self-control the sleep disorders. stop snoring with these products and get a peaceful sleep.

As per www.news-medical.net, in recent times may cases of death in sleep caused due to undiagnosed sleep apnea. Therefore, its timely diagnose and treatment is essential. Some of the symptoms which can be indicators of sleep apnea include: 1. Heavy snoring: Snoring is usually caused due to obstruction in the airway. Loud snoring is one of the first indicators that you have sleep apnea. 2. Short of breath or no breathing: Sometimes you suddenly wake up in the middle of the night feeling out of breath, or your partner or friend notices you restless or not breathing while asleep. 3. A sore throat or dry mouth: Since you are short of breath, you keep gasping for breath by opening your mouth, this dries up your mouth. Continuous snoring causes pain and irritation in the throat. 4. A headache and irritation: Lack of proper inflow of oxygen, blood fill up with carbon dioxide, which causes a headache when you wake up. Since the night sleep is disturbed, you don’t wake up with fresh and happy mind and stay irritated the whole day. 5. Insomnia: Difficulty falling in sleep can also be major indication of sleep apnea 6. Memory problem and lack of focus. Once you experience some of the prominent symptoms, it is time to visit your doctor without any delay. The doctor generally diagnoses sleep apnea through the lab and home test. Lab test involves you to fall asleep while your body is hooked to various equipment to monitor your heartbeat, lung and brain functioning, breathing patterns. This process is also called as Nocturnal Polysomnography. If you are not comfortable to conduct the test in a high-end lab, the doctor can give you device to record your heartbeat, breathing patterns, oxygen level, etc. while you are asleep at the comfort of your home. Based upon the test conducted AHI- Apnea-hypopnea index is calculated. Apnea-cessation of breathing that last for 10 seconds and hypopnea- constricted breathing which lasts for 10 seconds you experience in an hour of sleep. The index showing count 5-15 is considered mild, 15-30 is moderate, and 30+ is a case of severe sleep apnea.

There are many devices available in the market to treat this sleep disorder which include: • Mouth guard: It holds your tongue in place to avoid it from obstructing the airway while it relaxes during sleep. • Nasal passage: Patient with complain of sinus or snoring through the nose, these devices avoid blockage in nose allowing more air to get in. • Jaw supports: These hold the lower jaw in position when it relaxes during sleep so that it cannot obstruct the airway. • Continuous positive airway pressure: Specialized devise used in acute cases of sleep apnea, provide constant air pressure into the airway through a mask which covers both the nose and your mouth. Lastly, if the above devices are not helpful to reduce your discomfort, then the last option would be surgery.